Dresden has developed it in the context of European cooperation and, in this case in particular, has placed it in the context of the European network POLIS, of which the Mayor of the City of Dresden, Helma Orosz, assumed the presidency in 2010. Dresden’s deputy mayor for city development Jörn Marx and cycling delegate Nora Ludwig received the BYPAD certificate from Prof Gerd-Axel Ahrens and Thomas Böhmer from TU Dresden, Chair for transport and infrastructure planning who also served as moderators for the BYPAD process. As member of the “Scientific Advisory Council” of the Federal Transport Minister in Germany he was also actively involved in German transport politics.
European regulations and national ordinances implementing them (e.g. on air pollution control) impose changes which often have a major effect on mobility and transport development. Total investment for the project “Central MeetBike – sustainable transport in Central European Cities through Improved integrated bicycle promotion and international networking” is EUR 2 762 572, of which the EU’s European Regional Development Fund is contributing EUR 2 271 743 from the Operational Programme “CENTRAL EUROPE” for the 2007 to 2013 programming period. The Sub-Head of the Urban Planning Department, Mobility Strategies talks about the SUMP of Vienna with special focus on health objectives, governance and stakeholder involvement. The first Bicycle Policy Audit has been conducted in Dresden as part of the Central MeetBike project.
Rehana Moosajee gave the keynote speech; as a former mayoral committee member for transport in Johannesburg, South Africa, she focused on experiences and challenges from emerging countries and the role of international cooperation in sustainable mobility. It is important to understand that a car not only generates emissions, but also produces dust and occupy the space, so it is important not only to replace the type of fuel but also to reduce the number of cars in urban mobility. Polona Demšar Mitrović is from the Slovenian Ministry of Infrastructure and talks about the planning and implementation of developing an updated SUMP supporting programme – a measure that is currently underway. The project achieved this aim by changing attitudes about transport planning and informing politicians and officials about new strategies, particularly those used in Germany to promote cycling. It demonstrated that taking a comprehensive spatial approach, which allows safe movement of all modes of transport, is feasible and cost effective.
From 1983 to 1985 he was trained as a “Baureferendar”, a qualification for head-positions in municipal administrations in Germany. From 1977 to 1978, he worked as a transport consultant in Vienna/Austria. Franz Marré (BMZ) and Falk Heinen (BMUB) introduced the GPSM‘s objectives, challenges and its future direction in the beginning of the session. Through enhanced dialogue between developed and developing countries, the GPSM aims to support the implementation of sustainable transport solutions in a comprehensive manner.
The duty to strive towards achieving equal living conditions is also established in thnstitution of the Free state of Saxony. Both are essential guidelines for modern and future transport development. Transport is not an end In itself!
“The experience of many German cities indicated how to improve conditions for cyclists,” says Prof Gerd-Axel Ahrens from the Department of Transport and Traffic Planning, Technical University of Dresden, which was a partner of the project. “We also learned that cycling is only one part of a system of sustainable mobility and also an important prerequisite for a better life in central cities,” he adds. The City of Dresden’s 2025plus Transport Development Plan attempts to address these circumstances and challenges, exploring the opportunities and possibilities presented, to produce a sustainable transport and mobility strategy for Dresden. The Transport Development Plan (TDP) is being prepared on the basis of the City of Dresden’s ongoing development of its transport strategy, and as a further progression of this work.
Mr. Michael Gruber (KfW) shared his experience working in transport in a multilateral development bank. In the following panel discussion led by Prof. Dr.-Ing. Gerd-Axel Ahrens (TU Dresden), the panellists responded to questions from the audience on further steps of the partnership as well as on how to join it. As a passionate champion of sustainable urban mobility, UITP is internationally recognised for its work to advance the development of this critical policy agenda.
Cycling is increasingly seen as a solution to traffic congestion and pollution in urban areas, particularly for short journeys and in conjunction with public transport. The Central Meetbike project sought to spread the effective cycling support policies in Germany to the Czech Republic, Poland and Slovakia. The project helped regions assess their local situations and alter policies accordingly. Rising aspirations of citizens worldwide, changing consumption and production patterns as well as limited natural resources are drivers for innovation in the transport sector. The German Partnership for Sustainable Mobility (GPSM) is serving as a guide for sustainable mobility and green logistics solutions and knowledge from Germany.
The local cycling strategy was evaluated by a consortium including political stakeholders, bicycle lobby groups and city municipality in two meetings between November 2011 and February 2012. CIVITAS PROSPERITY has released new interviews with SUMP ambassadors who describe the measures they have developed to implement exemplary sustainable urban management plans. The SUMP ambassadors each bring a unique perspective to the subject. (Ahrens, 2014 ). Therefore, CO 2 emissions of the two test vehicles for a representative trip performed by urban citizens in Germany were estimated on the basis of the WLTC phase results.
The TDP should not be created in relation to transport planning alone. In view of the circumstances and challenges described above, it is vitally important to draw upon a wide range of specialist and expert knowledge from various professional and social fields, in addition to building on well-informed project co-ordination, with a propensity to compromise.
UITP has a long history to its name, and is the only worldwide network to bring together all public transport stakeholders and all sustainable transport modes. Central Meetbike is encouraging the development of sustainable transport policies in Central European countries by supporting the establishment of integrated cycling strategies.
Moosajee highlighted the potential of international cooperation through the GPSM and also outlined the possible obstacles. The need for sustainable mobility solutions in developing and emerging countries is obvious.
This includes analysing problems and shortcomings in the Dresden transport system, identifying aims and priorities for future transport policies, setting out development scenarios and, in some cases, making them into strategies for action. For this reason, in Dresden – as in other cities which compile Transport Development Plans – transport providers, related authorities, associations, unions, institutions, chambers, city council groups, the scientific community, regional authorities and representatives of other interests have been called upon to play an active part in creating the 2025plus TDP.
The methodological approach involves drawing up the 2025plus Transport Development Plan for Dresden on the basis of the 2003 transport strategy and other important foundations (City of Dresden documents such as the zoning plan, the air quality action plan, the noise reduction master plan and general documents such as the EU Commission’s Green Paper on urban mobility, to name but some). The Central MeetBike also highlighted means of supporting cycling in Central European countries.