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Definition of Dyspepsia

Even a few extra pounds can put pressure on your stomach, causing acid to back up into your esophagus. Because indigestion can be a sign of a more serious condition, such as an ulcer or occasionally cancer, anyone experiencing the following symptoms in addition to indigestion should consult with their doctor.

Although the functional dyspepsia group reported more upper abdominal fullness, nausea, and overall greater distress and anxiety, almost all the same symptoms were seen in both groups. To start, your doctor will review your symptoms and perform a physical exam. If there are warning signs in your history or during your exam, your doctor may order tests to determine the cause of indigestion.

Indigestion is not a condition but a group of symptoms that affect digestion. If symptoms are mild and infrequent, lifestyle changes will probably ease them. This usually involves consuming fewer fatty and spicy foods and less caffeine, alcohol, and chocolate. Sleeping for at least 7 hours every night may also help to ease mild indigestion.

People with esophageal stricture may start to find swallowing difficult. Food can get stuck in the throat, causing chest pain. Esophageal dilatation is sometimes needed to widen the esophagus. People who experience regular indigestion or severe abdominal pain should see a primary care physician.

Tests to diagnose indigestion include blood tests, abdominal ultrasound, endoscopy, colonoscopy, upper GI and small bowel X-ray series, CT scan or MRI of the abdomen, and a gastric emptying study. Indigestion has many causes including medical conditions, medications, diet, and lifestyle.

Acid indigestion is digestive fact of modern life. The most common causes of acid indigestion are related to eating unhealthy foods, unhealthy ways of eating and unhealthy lifestyle behaviors, although it can be caused by peptic ulcers, GERD and gastric or pancreatic cancer. Acid indigestion or dyspepsia is discomfort (i.e., burning feeling) in the pit or lower part of the stomach or abdomen (National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases/NIDDK, 2004). It is also referred to colloquially as indigestion or upset stomach.

Dys- is the Greek prefix for bad, and peptos is Greek for digested. Together they make the word dyspeptos, which means hard to digest or literally, badly digested. The Greek word became the root for the adjective dyspeptic, which in turn was the basis for dyspepsia. Sometimes people may say you have dyspepsia when they mean you are chronically in a bad mood or so irritable that it seems like you suffer from chronic indigestion – although this usage is more common with dyspeptic.

  • Clinical trials are part of clinical research and at the heart of all medical advances.
  • Together they make the word dyspeptos, which means hard to digest or literally, badly digested.
  • He or she may also order ultrasound imaging of the abdomen, or a radio-nuclide scan to evaluate the motility of the stomach.
  • The NIDDK translates and disseminates research findings through its clearinghouses and education programs to increase knowledge and understanding about health and disease among patients, health professionals, and the public.
  • Patients with motility disorders may be given pro-kinetic drugs.

indigestion definition medical

If indigestion symptoms worsen, consult a health-care professional. Indigestion is a symptom of other conditions, so treatment usually depends upon the cause. When the cause is lifestyle-related, prevention is the best way to find relief of symptoms.

The symptoms develop during meals or shortly afterward. In most cases, indigestion is a minor problem that often clears up without professional treatment. First, your doctor will try to rule out other health conditions that could be causing your symptoms. She might do blood tests and X-rays of your stomach or small intestine. She might also use a thin, flexible tube with a light and a camera to look closely at the inside of your stomach, a procedure called an upper endoscopy.

The National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases. Indigestion (Dyspepsia) Accessed 11/1/2016.

Your doctor may perform several blood tests and you may have X-rays of the stomach or small intestine. Your doctor may also suggest you have an upper endoscopy to look closely at the inside of the stomach. During the procedure, an endoscope — a flexible tube that contains a light and a camera to produce images from inside the body — is used to look inside your stomach. If you have chronic indigestion, heartburn, or nausea, you may be diagnosed with the digestive disorder dyspepsia. Dyspepsia can be caused by many things, including ulcers and medications.

indigestion definition medical

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