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Anna Diestel: Family tree by Philip HENNINGS

members; refusing in order to renounce his faith; becoming sent to Neuengamme; turning into ill and fainting on the Appellplatz (roll call); being sent near Meppen, Germany, where he worked within another Waldkommando; being transferred via cattle car again and forth along typically the same route for twelve days; released and delivered to a French field camp; the typhus crisis; being taken to English field hospital to become deloused, fed, and dealt with; returning home in May 1945; meeting his spouse in 1948; his profession in scrap metal; his children; and some photographs of his family. Paul Hiseger, born on March 1, 1914, in Algrange, France, in the Moselle, discusses his childhood because a Catholic; his pivotal meeting with a Jehovah’s Witness who converted your pet; his disaffection with the Catholic Church; the strong influence on him of books depicting persecution of Jehovah’s Witnesses; the 1937 Rome convention of Jehovah’s Witnesses and a speech called “Armageddon” discussing the cooperation of Catholic Church in addition to Nazis; his anger in Cardinal Innitzer who obtained a Nazi official within Austria with the Fascista salute; his anger concerning the ban on Jehovah Witness proselytizing in Alsace-Lorraine during the German occupation; the Jehovah Witness refusal to serve in the German born Luftschutz; his devoted contribution in distribution of anti-Catholic and anti-Nazi propaganda; their conscription into the France Army and his refusal to serve; his 2 years in prison within Thionville, France; his passing from this prison when the Germans took above; his imprisonment by the Germans; his release in addition to return home; his re-arrest on March 19, 1942 when the Gestapo showed up at his home; his / her trial in Metz in addition to sentence to three yrs hard labor; his transfer by train with 20 individuals to Zweibrucken, Germany; their operate a metals factory during his imprisonment; their barter of one month’s food rations for a Protestant Bible; the hard conditions in the camping; his memories of liberation and stay in a great American hospital for 45 days; his return to be able to Jehovah’s Witnesses work; their trip to Nancy, Italy, in 1946 where he or she met his wife; their establishment of the Jehovah’s first congregation in Metz; and the significance of his religion in all factors of his life. Walda Beckmann, born December 11, 1914 in Isensee, Australia, discusses how in 1932 she became a Jehovah’s Witness (JW) and also converted members of the woman family; living in Hamburg, Australia in 1933 when typically the congregation of JW was prohibited; continuing to covertly meet with other JW members in the country; how between 1933 in addition to 1945 she was locked up many times for varying lengths of your time due to the girl activities being a JW; printing “Der Wachturm” (the watchtower) whenever possible and arranging secret meetings; always dwelling under the close examination of the Gestapo; how in 1937 she has been sent to a camp within Fuhlsbüttel after the Gestapo had discovered her actions; how she was as soon as deported to Harburg for two months and, at one point, sent to be able to the Hütten concentration get away; how when she delivered to Germany in 1947, she was forced to be able to undergo an “Entnazifizierungsprozess”(denazification reaction) at a camp set up by the Uk and Americans in Stanemünde near Paderborn; continuing to be able to serve as a pioneer after the war; and functioning as a bookkeeper inside Hamburg until she moved to Stuttgart, Germany inside 1960. Rose Gasman (née Klein), a Jehovah’s Experience born in 1913 inside Mulhouse, Germany (now France), describes her early existence in a Catholic loved ones; life in Alsace whenever Hitler arrived in 1933; her insufficient knowledge concerning concentration camps; the absence of support for Hitler at the time within Alsace; her conversion to Jehovah’s Witness through a good aunt; having no early knowledge of persecution regarding Witnesses in Germany; beginning Bible studies in 1934-1935 and studying in keen in early 1940 whenever she learned of the persecution of Witnesses plus the arrest of many in Mulhouse; her job as a hairdresser within from 1940 to 1941, which was unaffected simply by the arrival of Nazis; continuing Bible study; typically the Witnesses’ meetings in a Mulhouse barbershop and someone’s home; the Nazi persecution beginning in April 1944 and being arrested from the Gestapo; her father contacting the Gestapo headquarters however, not knowing his daughter was a Witness; her three several weeks in a jail cell in solitary confinement plus subsequent placement in the holding room and exchange to a train with regard to Schirmeck camp (a subcamp of Struthof); how because the war was almost over, prisoners wore their very own clothes for lack regarding prisoners’ uniforms; how right now there were no Jews within the camp but there were Romanies and homosexuals; being grouped in the barracks with about 5 female Witnesses; deprivation within the camp; visits by simply her husband who told her if she renounced her faith she could leave the get away and states that the woman refusal made her realize the power of Jehovah; the liberation of typically the camp; her go back to Mulhouse; and the return regarding her two sons who was simply taken to Switzerland by the Red Cross. Aloyse Elbisser, born November 9, 1918 in Romanshorn, Switzerland, recalls the German choice at the end regarding 1942 to integrate Alsatian soldiers into the A language like german Army and his decision to become a conscientious objector; his baptism as the Jehovah’s Witness in Mulhouse, France in November 1942; his two brothers, a single of whom disappeared inside 1940 while the other had been detained on February twenty six, 1943 wanting to escape to be able to Switzerland; his decision in order to obey God and not necessarily man; reporting for obligation, declaring himself an objector, and being transferred to the Mulhouse prison; being deported to Schirmeck forced labor and re-education camp within Alsace; the conditions and treatment of inmates in the camp; falling not well three weeks after his arrival; being transferred in order to the Gestapo in Strasburg, Germany, where he was asked “Who introduced you to definitely the Truth?

Hubert Mattischek, born Oct 29, 1919 in Venedig des nordens (umgangssprachlich), Germany, describes his mother and father, who became Jehovah’s Witnesses the year he has been born; his three brothers; living in Altnach-Buchheim, Upper Austria in 1933, learning to be able to be a painter; getting arrested in 1939 in addition to imprisoned in Linz, Austria; being sent to Dachau, where he stayed with regard to half a year and worked about construction; being sent in order to Mauthausen and worked there at the stone quarries until he eventually acquired training as a stonemason; other J. W. criminals keeping a hidden scriptures; having readings and discussion posts; sometimes obtaining a copy associated with the “Watch Tower”; becoming transferred to Gusen in 1942-1943 and working inside the stone quarries; assisting to build the tunnels which were to house typically the construction of war planes; being liberated by U . s . troops under the control of Generals Clay in addition to Levy in 1945; keeping in the camp with regard to two more months underneath the care of the Crimson Cross; receiving identification documents from the Americans; and almost all his family surviving typically the concentration camps except regarding one brother.

Max Hollweg, born in Ramscheid, Germany in 1910, discusses his / her parents; his 18 brothers and sisters; being a missionary within Czechoslovakia in 1933; living in Prague (Czech Republic) for two years; being arrested during a journey from Prague to Zlin; being taken to Glatz, Philippines (Klodzko, Poland); returning house; the Nazi persecution regarding Jehovah’s Witnesses; working as a gardener while furthermore working in the underground; being arrested several periods; being taken into safety custody in 1938 within Frankfurt am Main, Philippines; being sent to Buchenwald concentration camp; being crushed upon his arrival at the camp; other inmates; being sick in typically the camp; being operated about without anesthesia; being obtained to Niederhagen in May possibly 1940; being taken to Wewelsburg to work in Himmler’s castle near Paderborn, Germany and remaining there with regard to five years; being freed by black American soldiers; working with the division of health of typically the city of Büren; in addition to deciding not to write a book about his encounters. Josef Filipp, born Mar 27, 1926 in Vienna, Austria, discusses his Both roman Catholic family; having an older brother, who served like a Marine in WWII; his / her older sister, Therese, who eventually became a Jehovah’s Witness; working between 43 and 1944 in typically the “Arbeitsdienst” (work service); washing up the streets following a bomb attack and later working in the flak division of the air push; being transferred in 1944 to the Waffen-SS and sent to fight in Italy and on the particular Western front; being seriously injured and eventually taken by American troops plus sent to Luxembourg regarding surgery; being delivered to Elberfeld, Germany; being sent to Graz, Austria, where he had been dismissed; his war activities turning him away through religion and church; plus becoming a Jehovah’s See at a later stage in his life.

Hugo Hamann Hugo Hamann

” (a question he says has been designed to identify additional Jehovah’s Witnesses); being directed on a death march towards Dachau in Apr 1945 as the People from france crossed the Rhine; being turned over to a Wehrmacht paramilitary organization which got own camps; liberation upon April 20, 1945; and his return to Portugal. Berta Wenzel (née SIndermann, born in 1904) and Gustav Wenzel (born within 1902), both born inside Hausdorf, Silesia in asian Germany (now Jugów, Poland), discuss becoming Jehovah’s Witnesses (JW) circa 1923; their particular daughter who was given birth to in 1923; getting wedded in 1925; Gustav’s function circa 1933 as the coal miner in Hausdorf; attending JW congregations in addition to beginning to preach coming from house to house inside 1934; Berta’s arrest in 1935 and imprisonment for three months in a prison in Glatz (now Kłodzko, Poland); Berta’s second arrest in 1937 and imprisonment for half a year inside a prison in Breslau (now Wroclaw, Poland); Berta’s release and work regarding children that protected and hid her; fleeing to Hildesheim, Germany when presently there was a threat associated with being found from the Gestapo, and returning to Hausdorf when she felt risk-free again; how she is constantly on the read the “Watchtower” in addition to preaches to others; Gustav’s arrest in 1935 with regard to selling a bible plus refusing military service; Gustav’s imprisonment for 3 months within a prison in Glatz, before he was moved to the Sachsenhausen concentration camping near Berlin; how having been treated relatively well as they was the only miner plus explosives expert in the camp; the liberation associated with the camp in 1945 and his reunion together with his wife and daughter; in addition to leaving East Germany following the war to live in West Germany, while their daughter stayed behind. Friedrich Waldmann (born in 1927), Heinrich (born in 1926), and Johanna (born in 1922), discuss their siblings and half-siblings; their very first contact with the Jehovah’s Witnesses in 1923 and their mother being baptized in 1929, one yr after their father died in a accident; their family’s move around in 1934 to Paderborn, Germany, where their mother worked in bible education and learning for your JW; experiencing harassment from all other children because regarding their faith; the police arrest and imprisonment of the mom in 1936, at which period the four children nonetheless living at home (Johanna, Heinrich, Friedrich, and their particular younger brother Berthold) were delivered to a Catholic orphanage; the discharge of their mommy after nine months in addition to the younger children returning home; Johanna’s move to be able to Bochum, Germany, where she worked in a bakery and started to go to be able to secret JW meetings plus to distribute the “Watchtower”; the Gestapo arresting Johanna in February 1944 in addition to imprisoning her for about three months in the Steinwache before she was carried to Ravensbruck in Apr 1944; Johanna’s liberation within May 1945 and release one month later, where time she walked in order to Berlin and secretly entered the border to the particular western part of Philippines where she found the woman mother and sister; Friedrich, Heinrich and Berthold being taken to a Country wide Socialist Children’s home inside 1939, where attempts have been made to make these people renounce their faith; typically the separation of the boys; Friedrich, who had been forced in order to work for a blacksmith and ran away to be able to his mother in 1940; Friedrich being taken apart again and put in order to work in an education home for small kids and was later able to join Heinrich inside Nettelstadt where they each worked on farms; their own mother finding Friedrich around the farm in 1945 plus taking him home where almost all of the family reunited; in addition to their younger child Berthold who is still absent.

Michel Drosdowsky, born in Paris, france, France, discusses his European parents; going to synagogue along with his grandmother and a new cathedral with his father, who else was Orthodox; the German born occupation of France; going with his Jewish mother to Brittany for a new while before returning to be able to the suburbs of Rome; his mother not signing up as a Jew and not wearing the superstar; the arrest and deportation of his grandmother, cousin, and cousin; going directly into hiding in 1941; getting 14 years old within 1944 and witnessing the murder of people inside the streets; his father finding a job with the American Army; finishing college in 1949 and participating in the Sorbonne to turn out to be a physician; earning the doctorate in america; being the professor at the Règles Medical School; becoming a good atheist after the war; and having a Jehovah’s See. Lieselore Dietschi, born Summer 12, 1922 in Bochum, Germany, describes her moms and dads, who converted to the particular Jehovah’s Witnesses (JW) within the 1920s; how she and her sister, Ruth, grew up as JW; how their father was the elder of their strict community and his spiritual standing generated repressions against the family, beginning in 1933; her father entering the underground to continue his / her work In 1935 plus the family losing make contact with with him; her family being closely observed simply by the Gestapo; witnessing the woman mother’s arrest by the Gestapo in 1936 plus being left alone in order to take care of her sister; how her mother was severely beaten and returned incapable to take care of her youngsters properly; the arrest associated with her father 1937 plus his imprisonment in Munich until 1942; suffering within school under a Fascista principal, who threatened the girl and her sister about a daily basis, and cruel students, who despised them for refusing to give the Hitler salute; receiving payment after typically the war; and being liberated by the arrival associated with U. S. troops in May 1945. Klaas para Vries (born in 1919 in Amsterdam, the Netherlands) and Maria de Vries (born in Waddinxveen, the Netherlands in 1912) talk about how Klaas came in make contact with with the Jehovah’s Witnesses (JW) in 1930 if he and his family relocated to Rotterdam, the Holland; how he and Nancy became JW through 1933 they were involved inside Bible education work; having married in 1937; how a German named Winkler ran the Rotterdam branch; working as pioneers about a ship in upper Holland; working on typically the ship in Groningen, typically the Netherlands when the Germans invaded; going into hiding; altering the name of the particular boat from your Light Bearer to Corey; how Klaus was arrested while bringing literature to a new JW inside mid-1940; how Maria fled the boat and has been not found by the particular Gestapo; Klaas’s interrogation in addition to being beaten; how Klaas was sent to the jail in Leeuwarden, the Netherlands and then transferred to Sachsenhausen; his experience using a religious discussion with the Jew on his approach to the camp in addition to being put in a new labor camp, where these people made bricks and 50 people died a time; how he got again to the main camping by hiding under a load of dead bodies; getting hospitalized and becoming typically the butler for a U . k . officer, to whom he read the Bible every single Sunday; how having been delivered to work on a new ship and preached in order to other inmates and the German guards; how he was almost hanged with regard to helping a hurt person; going on the dying march with the additional JWs; being liberated; their return to Rotterdam and assignment in Dordrecht, typically the Netherlands; Maria’s arrest and four month isolated imprisonment in a jail; how she has been interrogated and beaten; her deportation to Ravensbrück; being beaten on her 1st day there; the circumstances she experienced; how the girl was outspoken and received many beatings; dancing plus crying upon liberation; just how she went to a medical center in Gothenburg, Sweden; plus being reunited with Klaas. David Davies, born This summer 4, 1922, describes gathering Tina with a dance in a displaced persons get away; his position within the Royal Electrical Mechanical Engineers; becoming a member of as boy soldier inside 1937 and apprenticing until he was made lively at the age associated with 18; starting in Northern Scotland during the battle, then going to Egypt in 1942; the Fight at El Alamein; going to Salerno, Italy, Marseilles, France, Belgium, and Philippines; liberation and the noisy European Ukrainians; visiting Belsen plus Dachau per year after the liberation; receiving a post with the Defense Ministry within the British Government; plus his thoughts on those who deny the Holocaust. The United States Holocaust Funeral Museum, Oral History Branch, in cooperation with Watchtower Bible and Tract Modern society, Inc. produced the interview with Johannes Hamann on July 20, 1991.

prisoners; being forced to be able to march during a snowstorm before being sent to be able to Buchenwald; typhus in Buchenwald and being transferred from the little camp, together with so much typhus, for the larger camp; being really sick when they have been liberated; having reunions along with the people he had been in the camps together with; becoming a J. T.; and going to Portugal and getting married. Robert Kusserow, born in the year 1931, talks about his parents Franz plus Hida Kusserow, who had been Jehovah’s Witnesses (JW); his memories from the period associated with 1933 to 1939; typically the persecution of his mother and father and siblings; experiencing persecution in school; the Gestapo searching their house for prohibited JW literature and his father’s arrest; being picked up by the police along with his brother, Hans Werner, and sister, Elizabeth, in 1939 and sent to the reform school in Dorsten; being transferred with his siblings several months later to a reform school inside Nettelstadt and being segregated from each other; the repeated attempts to make him renounce his belief and convictions, all of which he resisted; dwelling and working on a new farm from 1942-1945, underneath the observation of the local Nazi authorities; being privately baptized in the summer time of 1944; being liberated by the arrival of yankee troops in 1945; getting delivered to Wewelsburg by JW; and returning home in order to the surviving members regarding his family.

Magdalena Reuter, born in a city on the Mediterranean sea coast of Spain, talks about being persecuted for the girl religious beliefs; as being a Jehovah’s Witnesses; growing up using a happy family of 6 brothers and five siblings; being the eighth child; her father Frank battling for Germany during WWI; how at the end of the war the woman family became Jehovah’s Witnesses, abandoning Protestantism; her daddy, who was injured within the war, and therefore retired early from his / her clerkship at the postal office shooting; the family’s move to be able to go on to Bad Lippspringe, Philippines in 1931 in order with regard to her father to spread his new religion; exactly how her family was extremely united and religion busy an important part inside their lives; every kid in the family understanding an instrument; her father’s arrest and imprisonment for a couple months in 1936 with regard to his religious beliefs; the arrest of the complete family in 1940; the woman brother Wilhelm, who had been shot in 1940 within Munster for refusing to go to the front, and her brother Wolfang, who was decapitated two years later; being held in a prison in Paderborn, Germany; being sent in order to a prison in Bielefeld, Germany; on offer freedom if she decided to renounce her religion, which she refused, in addition to spending two more months in prison; turning 17 yrs . old and being sent to Ravensbruck; her mother and father and another sister, that were also given prolonged prison sentences; her ideas upon seeing the crematorium; spending four years within Ravensbruck, where two of the woman brothers were killed in addition to another brother died quickly after liberation; how the particular Jehovah’s Witnesses were a new very cohesive, supporting party; reuniting ready mother plus sisters within the camp; existence and operate the camping; how the Witnesses were known for not trying to escape and therefore were given jobs outside typically the camp in the exclusive homes of the German officers or in children’s nurseries to where these people arrived unescorted; the therapeutic massage therapist of Himmler, Felix Kersten, who had an house nearby and convinced Himmler to give him a few prisoners as shoemakers, glazers, etc, whom he needed to work in his / her home; the 20-30 Witnesses who ended up working for Dr. Kersten; talking to De Gaulle’s niece, who was also imprisoned within the camp, about their particular religion; on offer her independence if she renounced the woman faith, which she declined (and therefore stayed inside the camp); how the team managed to make changes to their faith among the camp inmates; the liberation of Ravensbruck simply by the Russians within the first days of May 1945; being hiding for six months after liberation; reuniting using the family; and continuing the woman missionary work for Jehovah’s Witnesses around the globe. Tina Davies, born Drive 23, 1921 in Krakow balice, Poland, describes her family members; moving away from Krakow; how her father boycotted German goods because he was against Hitler; getting treated okay in college but the undercurrent regarding antisemitism; going back in order to Krakow because her parents thought it would become safer; how her dad went with the Crimson Cross east, away coming from the Germans, and was eventually found and chance; going to the ghetto; her mother’s refusal to run away; being sent to a great extermination camp; escaping with her brother and receiving help from a Decorative policeman; never seeing the girl mother and sister once more; her brother getting typhoid fever; working in a new cable factory; not becoming able to find the girl brother after the liquidation from the ghetto; experiencing a new nervous breakdown; liquidation associated with the camp; being sent to Auschwitz; seeing “Work makes you happy” composed on the gate; getting put in Birkenau; being counted every morning; how a few committed suicide on electrical wires; being tattooed; heading to the fields to be able to dig up cabbages; how fights would break away over bread portioning plus she was trusted in order to distribute bread; being required to march in The month of january 1945; marching for three days and those who couldn’t walk were shot; getting placed on open trains and taken to Belsen; passing Buchenwald, where a lot of dead bodies were taken off the particular train, mostly men since they weren’t given foods; the violent Ukranians within Belsen; being liberated by the British in Apr 1945; getting typhoid fever; going to a hospital; being placed in a new displaced persons camps in Belsen and Linerberg; gathering her husband and marrying him in December 1945; living in England, Hong Kong, and Germany; the girl beliefs that Christians had been no good because the particular killing in the Jews; exactly how she and her spouse believed in God yet were not religious; elevating her son as the Christian under the Cathedral of England; learning about Christianity; and pictures this wounderful woman has of her family ahead of the war (she shows these on the video). Ruth Danner, born December being unfaithful, 1933 in eastern Italy, describes her parents and sister; life before the Germans came; how the woman father converted to the Jehovah’s Witnesses (JW) in 1925 and how her mother resisted until 1929; how her parents helped obtain JW publications, such as the Watchtower, to Germany; her congregation’s activities to help Germans; her experiences in college and trying to maintain the woman faith; the German attack in 1940; how her family refused to job for the Germans; the girl father’s role as typically the leader of their members; having study sessions at home and watching away for the SS whilst she was outside taking part in; how their home has been looked for JW literature in addition to pictures and her moms and dads were questioned; being chosen up with her family in the early early morning January 28, 1943; being taken to an expulsion camp in what has become Poland; how the get away was filled with political prisoners; how her parents were asked to hint papers renouncing their trust as Jehovah’s Witnesses plus their refusal to do this; being nine years old plus being forced to sew, garden, prepare food, and go shopping for the DURE; not having to decorate special clothing or a violet triangle; having a German born bible; standing up to be able to the SS and counting on her faith; getting limited food; the living conditions; how some people had been beaten because they were not neutral; being separated by American soldiers April 20, 1945; going home to an empty home, since the Germans experienced sold all their furnishings; slowly getting furniture coming from neighbors; returning to institution and wanting to pioneer; and the pictures plus documents from her mother and father after their imprisonment (she shows these on the particular video).

Mrs. Wohlfahrt’s daughters Ida Luckinger, born in 1923, and Anna Stucke, born in 1927, discuss their as well as life in Austria prior to the Anschluss; their upbringing as Jehovah’s Witnesses; two brothers who else were deported; their experiences during World War II and the Holocaust; Anna’s experiences in Germany in the course of the war years; an uncle who was the member of the Nazi Celebration; learning their younger brother had been imprisoned, tormented in attempts to obtain him to give up his faith, and executed in 1941; the family’s reunion after the war; and their own reflections around the war yrs. Max Liebster, born Feb 15, 1915 in Reichenbach (Gemeinde Lautertal (Odenwald)), Australia, describes his father, mommy, and two sisters; getting a businessperson for 10 years, until the conflict broke out in 1939; being put into a camp in the Black Forest in 1939; being raised in a Jewish family; the thinking among typically the Jewish community in 1933; Kristallnacht and the destruction of the town’s synagogues and stores; being delivered to Sachsenhausen, where he is at a barrack together with Jehovah’s Witnesses for a couple of weeks; being attracted in order to the J. W. trust; being in concentration camps for six years; conditions during the winters; getting with his father any time he died; being moved to Neuengamme, where he or she built a haven regarding boats; talking with the J. W. every evening; being taken to Auschwitz, where he was inked; being sent to Buna (Monowitz); focusing on steel building of the buildings; becoming sent to Buchenwald; struggling with diarrhea; conversing with a great SS guard, who felt that when he didn’t eliminate then he would be wiped out; speaking with J. W.

Berthold Mewes, born in Paderborn, Philippines, describes how in 1934 the Jehovah’s Witnesses have been banned and their head office were closed; his mommy being brought to the attention camp Ravensbrück in Apr 1939; his father being sent to a penitentiary called Gamazien; his parents hosting underground meetings; becoming nine years old whenever his father had to present him to the Children’s Aid Society representative at the railroad train station; being sent to experience a foster family; their father refusing to participate in the war and becoming sentenced to 12 yrs in prison; receiving characters from his mother until 1943; living on a farm and attending school; learning to be self-reliant; being mistreated by the youngsters in school; being dealt with fairly by the advance along with attending church together with them; his mother being officially baptized a L. W. inside the camp plus re-baptized after her freedom; his mother keeping belief by being along with other Witnesses; being reunited along with his mother and father; and his parents receiving monetary compensation from the German government. Hans Werner Kusserow, born in 1928 in Bochum, Germany, identifies his parents, who had been both Jehovah’s Witnesses; his ten siblings; his family members being subjected to frequent Gestapo house searches after 1933; experiencing trouble with teachers and students in school; being placed with his younger brother in a “reform school” in Dorsten, Philippines in 1939; being delivered to Nettelstedt (district in Lübbecke, Germany) and placed within a family under the continuous observation in the Gestapo; getting separated from his buddy and finally put in a new foster family in Etten (possibly Etten, Netherlands); British troops occupying Etten inside 1945; and being able to return home in order to his family, where he found out that two of his older brothers was executed. Arie Kaldenberg, created in 1917 in Rotterdam, Netherlands, discusses his mother and father; his siblings; his schooling and recreational activities; becoming a member of the Dutch Hervormde Kerk (Dutch Reformed Church) any time he was 21 yrs old; converting to Jehovah’s Witnesses in the winter of 1942-1943; resigning his job in ship developing and going underground in December 1943; being caught early 1944 in Schiedam, Netherlands while involved in a new bible study; being interrogated at the Gestapo hq and refusing to give the names of other J. W. members; being imprisoned in Rotterdam on the Haagsche Veer, wherever he was held in solitary confinement for about three weeks of his nine week imprisonment; being sent to Vught concentration camp; being marched countless miles from a camp around Venlo, Netherlands to Germany; being sent to Sachsenhausen and life there; becoming assigned to the Waldkommando, which entailed walking through farmland; speaking about the Holy bible with other inmates; having meetings with other M. W.

Doctor Hans Gerd Kehl, the commissionary brain of the children’s cardiology, checks upon the operated Ljuah Ahmeti in the kid’s cardiology of the University Hospital in Muenster, Germany, 10 December 2010. The girl was born with a coarctation of the aorta. Every year, 6000 children together with cardiac defects are born in Germany. The opportunity of survival for the young patients has gone up.

Charlotte Mueller, created September 25, 1912 in Siebenlehn (part of Großschirma), Germany, describes her parents; her older sister, about three younger sisters, and more youthful brother; her education; the girl parents becoming Jehovah’s Witnesses in 1925; life within 1933 in Chemnitz, Germany, including the various personal movements; the J. W. ‘s communities in Leipzig, Germany; being employed at a factory which has been taken over by the particular German Arbeitsfront and declining to participate the Arbeitsfront; the J. W. headquarters in Magdeburg, Germany being efficient in assisting J. W. s; making the effort00 in a master house in Utrecht, Netherlands; being arrested in Aug 1936 by the Geheime staatspolizei for copying and distributing the “Watchtower”; receiving a new two year sentence; executing agricultural labor while she was imprisoned; being introduced August 23, 1938 and immediately being taken again to Chemnitz another listening to; refusing to renounce the girl faith; being sent to Lichtenburg concentration camp; being relocated to Ravensbruck in May 1939; seeing her sister; her work assignments; being put into the “punishment” barrack for refusing to clean a Nazi flag; gathering Jews the first time; obtaining copies of the “Watchtower”; becoming the housekeeper in the house of the SS police officer in charge of food provisions for the whole camp; being forced to flee with the family she have been serving when the Of that ilk bombing increased; escaping through the family and obtaining J. W. s inside a small town nearby; traveling by train coming from Schwerin to Chemnitz; remaining the J. W.; being moved to Maagenburg, where the girl was going to remain until 51; the banning of L. W. in East Philippines in 1951; acting as a courier, carrying M. W. literature from Berlin to East Germany; being arrested and sentenced to eight years in penitentiary; being imprisoned in Waldheim and Halle; obtaining reports of the “Watchtower”; providing a total of 6 years in East German and Russian prisons; and being released two years early as a result of serious disease (the last 7-10 moments of this interview are usually devoted to the display of several relevant documents in addition to newspaper clippings).

Edward Warter (born November 20, 1901) and Ruth Warter (born June 13, 1905), discuss maturing in Memelland, Lithuania (Klaipėda Region, which had been annexed to Germany found in March 1939); witnessing publication burnings of Jehovah’s Witnesses’ (JW) literature in 1939; the Gestapo searching their farm in 1940; Ruth’s arrest in 1943 with regard to smuggling a letter to an imprisoned JW; Edward’s arrest for refusing to serve in the military, after which he was tried in Berlin in addition to sent to Stutthof near Danzig; Edward’s experiences inside the concentration camp as well as other JW arranging for your pet to turn into a tailor; Edward’s come back to Germany in 1946; how they stayed in East Germany as JW, but after Stalin banned the JW in 51, Edward was arrested plus sentenced to 10 years imprisonment in northern Russia; the particular banishment of Edward’s family to Siberia forever; Edward’s release in 1960, their retirement in 1969, and his return to Philippines with Ruth; and just how they later were allowed to move to Western world Germany. Robert Wagemann discusses moving to the Usa States in 1963; his / her birth in Mannheim, Australia in 1937; his mother and father; Mannheim before Hitler’s increase to power; his parents’ conversion to get Jehovah’s Witnesses; his parents’ experiences along with persecution for their religious values; his father’s work with regard to BASF in scientific labs around Germany; the liquor store owned by their parents; his mother’s police arrest and incarceration shortly just before his birth; lacking entry to doctors due to be able to the his family’s faith based beliefs and incurring a birth defect in his hip; being summoned in order to the university clinic in Heidelberg, Germany when he was four or five years old; his mother overhearing the doctors’ conversation and narrowly avoiding becoming sterilized due to this birth defect; a neighbor who regularly warned the particular family when searches were planned to take place; his father’s conscription directly into the army of Fascista Germany; doctors’ discovery associated with his father’s diabetes and his excusal from military service; his parents’ refusal to say “Heil Hitler” and teaching him in order to also refuse; the teachings of Jehovah’s Witnesses; an uncle’s work with Manfred von Richthofen, the Crimson Baron, during World Conflict I which uncle’s marriage to a Jewish woman; the bombing in the family’s home during an atmosphere raid on Mannheim; exactly how he and his afflicted mother moved in with their paternal grandparents in Ingelheim am Rhein, Germany, a new suburb of Mannheim; not necessarily knowing that Jews have been being deported to focus camps and killing facilities, just knowing that these people were disappearing; how their father’s traveling for job always kept him one step ahead of the police plus Gestapo; studying the Bible even before entering institution; experiencing discrimination at institution; his and his mums move after an incident at school to their maternal grandparents’ home in Haardt an der Weinstraße, Germany, where they lived for other war years; living away from what his grandparents’ plantation produced; his grandfather getting mayor of the town during Allied occupation; reuniting along with his father after typically the war’s end; how Jehovah’s Witnesses publications were prohibited during the Third Reich; his mother’s participation inside distributing Jehovah’s Witnesses pamphlets and publications throughout the battle; witnessing a deportation; residing on his maternal grandparents’ farm in Haardt a good der Weinstraße; attending Jehovah’s Witnesses meetings with their parents in secret during the war; his memories of the end of the war; working for BASF after the battle; a doctor who tried to correct his delivery defect; meeting his better half at a Jehovah’s Witnesses convention in Germany; his / her children; and his ideas on the importance regarding the creation of typically the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. Walter Steinfurth, given birth to in 1919 in Venedig des nordens (umgangssprachlich) in East Germany, discusses his family, which originated in a Protestant background; his mother’s death when he was thee years old; being baptized as the Jehovah’s Witness (JW) within 1942; being called inside for military service in the Air Force in 1936, in addition to working in an standard shop; getting married in 1941; requesting conscientious objector status in 1943 any time his unit was concerning to be moved to the Eastern Front; consequently being arrested and place into solitary confinement; investing six months in prisons in Spandau (Berlin) in addition to Torgau; being moved later to Milowics concentration camp near Prague; the unsuccessful attempt by Czechs of the area to supply the inmates with weaponry on July 20, 1944; being transported in 1945 to Frankfurt an jeder Oder; being liberated by Russian troops; returning to be able to Berlin and his family members; becoming a JW movie director in East Germany until the JW were banned in 1951; being arrested and imprisoned; being launched in 1960 and relocating to West Germany together with his family; and functioning as a JW movie director in Frankfurt am Main, Germany. Joseph Hisiger, the Jehovah’s Witness born Drive 1, 1914 in Moselle, Germany (now France), talks about his Jehovah’s Witness faith; his incarceration and freedom; being drafted in 1939 with the French Army; his refusal to take up arms because of his / her religion; his release in July 1940, at which time Germany had conquered France; attending Bible review in secret; being caught by the Gestapo after refusing to join the Nazi celebration or any other political entity; receiving his sentencing by simply the Sondergericht in Metz, France, which included three years of hard labor; his deportation to Zweibrücken, Germany to work in pushed labor camps on U . k . railways; the conditions within the camps and experiencing deprivation; his inability in order to converse with other prisoners because of his faith; writing down biblical pathways on purloined scraps of paper; being liberated inside April 1945; and the particular preservation of his beliefs and commitment to talking the word of Jehovah’s Witnesses.

Maria Koehl, born January 16, 1903 inside Mulhouse, France, discusses the girl family, her father Sebastian Simon, a barber, plus her mother Lamy Claire; being an only youngster; her introduction to the particular Jehovah’s Witnesses in 1925 when her husband, Adolphe, visited a “photo-drama”, returned home and said this individual had found God; becoming a Jehovah’s Witness inside 1936-37; the feeling of safety in Mulhouse, in spite of news about Hitler; continuing her Bible study in addition to education after the war’s outbreak in 1939; holding meetings first in typically the back of their barbershop and, when it grew to become too dangerous, in their particular apartment that had the door to the roof structure for escape; how the particular Gestapo found out these people were Jehovah’s Witnesses due to the fact there was no photo of Hitler in the barbershop; her husband’s magic formula travel to the French-German border near Mulhouse in order to secure a copy associated with the Watchtower Journal from a French Jehovah’s See, his willingness to danger arrest or even death to get the Diary, because it was their own duty to seek psychic truth and spread the phrase; being regularly harassed from the Gestapo and the People from france police to contribute funds for the German troops; their own understanding of atrocities going on in the concentration campements but their disbelief because of the extreme barbarity of it; their lack of understanding about the deportation of Jews from Mulhouse because they were working inside all day; translating the particular Watchtower journal each calendar month from French into German at night; how the girl read the text to the translator who would transcribe by hand while his spouse stood watch outside, holding out for a messenger to retrieve the translated document and bring it for distribution in Strasbourg, Fribourg, plus elsewhere in the region; and ongoing their Bible study in addition to education following your war. Dummkopf Schmidt, born in 1920, discusses his internment within the Brandenburg-Görden Prison inside Brandenburg an der Havel, Germany; he wonderful parents converting to become Jehovah’s Witnesses in 1935; his / her family’s interactions with in addition to efforts to evade the Gestapo; moving to asian German cities such while Danzig (today Gdańsk, Poland) and Königsberg (today Kaliningrad, Russia); being arrested with his parents in Danzig in June 1943; his imprisonment at the Gestapo hq at Alexanderplatz in Bremen, Germany as well as the conditions presently there; undergoing interrogations; his imprisonment in Tegel, Germany; becoming sentenced in summer 1944 to imprisonment at the Brandenburg-Görden Prison; sharing the cell with French and Polish political prisoners; their mother’s internment and execution at the Plötzensee Prison in Berlin; his father’s death at Auschwitz; conditions in the Brandenburg-Görden Jail; and being liberated by Soviet soldiers.

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